Agni Fire element, digestive fire.
Agni dipana Increases digestive fire.
Ahamkara Sense of separate self or ego. Literally, “I former.”
Alochaka Pitta Sub-type of pitta which governs visual perception.
Alterative Blood purifying substances that gradually restores healthy bodily functions.
Ama Toxic residue of improperly digested food that can become the source of disease.
Ama pachana Promotes digestion and the destruction of toxins
Amenorrhea Absence or suppression of menstruation.
Anabolic Constructive or building phase of metabolism.
Analgesic A substance that relieves pain.
Anthelmintic Destroying and dispelling parasites (including bacteria, yeasts and fungus).
Antibacterial Inhibits or destroys bacteria.
Antibiotic Inhibits or destroys bacteria and other microorganisms.
Antiemetic A substance that prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting.
Antifungal A substance that prevents and inhibits the growth of fungi.
Antipyretic Dispels heat and reduces fever.
Antispasmodic Relieves muscle spasms and cramping.
Antiviral A substance that inhibits viruses.
Anupana A Substance that serves as a medium of intake for herbs, such as honey, aloe vera juice, etc.
Apana Vayu Downward moving sub-type of vata, responsible for elimination of waste products, gas, menstruation and child birth.
Aphrodisiac Substances that stimulate and/or revitalize the reproductive system.
Arishta/Asava Traditional medicated herbal wines used in Ayurveda.
Aromatic Herbs containing volatile, essential oils that aid digestion and relieve gas.
Artava Female reproductive tissue.
Asthi dhatu Bone tissue.
Astringent Substances that firm tissues and reduce discharges and secretions.
Avalambaka Kapha A sub-type of kapha located in the chest region, mainly in the lungs.
Ayurveda “Science of Life.” The ancient medical system of India.
Basti Therapeutic enema, one of the five main cleansing measures of Panchakarma.
Bhasma Incinerated and purified substance such as a mineral, gem, shell, coral, etc., with potent healing properties.
Bhedaniya Substances that break down accumulated tissues and waste products.
Bhrajaka pitta A subtype of pitta located in the in the skin and governs complexion.
Bhutagni Digestive fire located in the liver that governs the metabolism of the five elements.
Bodhaka kapha A subtype of kapha located in the mouth and tongue and is responsible for taste and digestion.
Buddhi Intellect (individual form).
Carminative A substance that relieves gas and promotes digestion and peristalsis.
Catabolic Destructive phase of metabolism.
Cathartic Strong laxatives that cause powerful evacuation.
Charaka Author of the ancient Ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita.
Chikitsa Therapy or treatment.
Cholagogue Promotes flow of bile from the gall bladder.
Cystitis Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Demulcent Soothes, protects and nurtures internal membranes.
Dhatu The seven main bodily tissues.
Dhatu agni Specialized digestive fires located in the membranes of each of the seven bodily tissues.
Diaphoretic Induces sweating and increases the release of toxins through the skin.
Diuretic Promotes kidney and bladder activity and increases urination.
Dosha Three basic energetic principles, which determine individual constitution.
Drastic A strong laxative.
Dysmenorrhea Painful or difficult menstruation.
Dyspnea Difficulty in breath, often associated with respiratory and cardiac disease.
Edema Swelling caused by fluid retention in the bodily tissues.
Emetic A substance that inducing vomiting.
Emmenagogue A substance that aids in promoting and regulating menstruation.
Emollient Soothes, softens and protects the skin.
Enteritis Inflammation of the small intestine.
Expectorant A substance that encourages the clearing of phlegm from the lungs and throat.
Galactagogue A substance that promotes the secretion of breast milk.
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach.
Ghee Clarified butter.
Guna Attributes, modes of nature that influence creation.
Hematemesis Vomiting blood.
Hemoptysis Spitting up blood from the lungs.
Hemostaic A type of astringent that stops bleeding and internal hemorrhaging.
Kapha One of three basic energetic principles composed of water and earth.
Kledaka kapha A subtype of kapha located mainly in the stomach, which is associated with gastric and other mucous membrane.
Kundalini Serpent like spiritual energy that rises from below the base of the spine when awakened.
Laxative Substances that promote mild bowel movements.
Lechaniya Scraping or reducing action.
Lithotriptic A substance that dissolves and dispels gall bladder and urinary stones and gravel.
Mahat Cosmic mind, cosmic consciousness.
Majja dhatu Nervous tissue, bone marrow.
Mala Bodily waste products.
Malabsorption Abnormality in the absorption of nutrients across the intestinal tract.
Mamsa dhatu Muscle tissue.
Manas Recording or conditioned mind.
Mandagni Slow or sluggish digestive fire.
Mantra Sacred sounds, sacred syllables.
Meda dhatu Adipose tissue.
Menorrhagia Excess menstrual bleeding.
Nasya Administration of medication through the nose.
Nephritis Inflammation of the kidney.
Nervine Substances that improve the function of the nervous system; may be stimulants or sedatives.
Nirama Without toxins.
Nutritive tonic Increases weight and strength and nourishes all the bodily tissues.
Ojas Refined essence of all bodily tissues, which maintains immunity, strength and vitality.
Pachaka pitta Subtype of pitta located in the stomach region governing digestion.
Pachana Digestion; that which promotes digestion
Panchakarma Five cleansing measures for eliminating ama and dosha from the body (emesis, purgation, enema, bloodletting and nasal medications).
Pitta One of three basic energetic principles composed of fire and water.
Prabhava The special potency or action of a substance that cannot be explained by the logic of its taste, energy or post digestive effect.
Prakruti Eternal principle of matter, primordial energy of creation.
Prana Vital life force, a subtype of vata governing inward movement.
Pranayama Expansion of vital energy (prana), a term commonly used for yogic breathing practices.
Purgative A strong laxative that often causes multiple loose bowel movements.
Purusha The eternal Self, pure consciousness.
Rajas Active principle.
Rakta dhatu Blood tissue.
Ranjaka pitta A subtype of pitta rooted in the liver and spleen and is responsible the color and formation of blood.
Rasa Taste; plasma.
Rasa dhatu Plasma, lymph, white blood cells.
Rasayana Rejuvenation, rejuvenating therapies and substances.
Rejuvenative Prevents decay, slows the aging process and revitalizes the organs.
Rhinitis Sinus inflammation.
Rishis An enlightened seer or sage.
Sadhaka pitta A subtype of pitta located in the brain and heart responsible for mental and higher mind functions.
Sama With toxins.
Sama agni Balanced digestive fire.
Samana vayu A subtype of vata present in the small intestine and navel region that governs the digestive system.
Samkhya The System of Indian philosophy, which deals with cosmic evolution.
Sattwic Purity, clarity, light, essence.
Sedative A substance that calms or tranquilizes.
Sedative Calms or tranquilizes.
Shakti Divine creative energy, cosmic feminine energy.
Shleshaka kapha A subtype of kapha present in the joints, which provides lubrication and freedom of movement.
Shukra Sexual fluid.
Spermatorrhea Abnormal loss of semen without ejaculation.
Srotas Bodily channels or pathways.
Stimulant Improves physical and mental function, increases heat and circulation, dispels chills, and strengthens digestion and metabolism.
Stomachic A substance that strengthens stomach function
Suppuration Pus formation and discharge.
Tamas Inertia, darkness, stability.
Tarpaka kapha A subtype of kapha associated with the white matter of the brain, cerebral spinal fluid and protective membranes in the nervous system.
Tejas Superfine essence of pitta, flame of intelligence in the body.
Tikshna agni Sharp digestion, excessive appetite.
Tikta Bitter taste.
Tinnitis Ringing in the ear.
Tridoshic Balance of the three doshas, balancing to all three doshas.
Udana A subtype of vata that governs speech, energy, will power and exhalation
Urticaria A skin condition characterized by itching or hives.
Vajikarana A substances that enhance sexual energy and function.
Vasodilator A substance that causes relaxation of the blood vessels.
Vata One of three basic energetic principles composed of air and space.
Vedas Ancient scriptures of India.
Vikruti Disease, deviation from nature, imbalanced state of the doshas.
Vipaka Post-digestive effect.
Virya Energy of a substance such as heating and cooling.
Vulnerary A substance that heals wounds and prevents infection by stimulating cell regeneration.
Vyana vayu A subtype of vata governing the circulatory system and the movement of the musculoskeletal system.
Yoga Union with God, the practical science of self or god realization